Unlike other Kocuria species that are strictly aerobic, Kocuria kristinae is °C. The genus Micrococcus has been recently divided into Micrococcus, Kocuria. Kocuria is a genus of Gram positive bacteria in the phylum Actinobacteria, including the sequenced species Kocuria rhizophila. Kocuria has been identified in. Valid publication: STACKEBRANDT (E.), KOCH (C.), GVOZDIAK (O.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Taxonomic dissection of the genus Micrococcus: Kocuria gen. nov.

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Whole-genome sequence accession no. D-L Genera and taxa above the rank of genus: Kocuria indica Dastager et al. A peripheral cannula was introduced for intravascular fluids.

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek ; They kkcuria widely distributed in nature and can also be found frequently as normal skin and oral cavity flora in humans and other mammals. A problematic catheter-related BSI leading to such complications was striking in this case.

A case of K. To summarize, Kocuria kristinae bacteremia should be considered especially in liable patients and on repeated isolation. Taxon Record Name Record family.

Emerging Bacterial Infection: Identification and Clinical Significance of Kocuria Species

Misidentification among members of genuz Kocuria genus cannot be ruled out as other studies have reported such situations [ 51314 ]. Subculture on nutrient agar yielded smooth, small, pale-cream to pale-pink colonies Figure 1B. Kocuria uropygialis Braun et al.

The intraperitoneal administration of amikacin and cefazolin was started for the empirical treatment of CAPD peritonitis.

Other underlying conditions associated with Kocuria infection include diabetes kocuris, tuberculosis, stem cell transplant patients, patients suffering from gallstones, methylmalonic aciduria and pancreatic pseudocyst [ 16 – 21 ]. Kocuuria is a member of the Micrococcaceae family and presently comprises 18 species.

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Improvement of the patient was visible after the initiation of antibiotic treatment, with fever subsiding and a decrease in the Benus protein level. The hemoglobin concentration was 9. Catheter removal was one of the treatment options followed, and the possibility of a CVC line as the portal of entry was suspected. The bacterium is facultative anaerobic, nonmotile, catalase-positive, and coagulase-negative and is known to cause catheter-related bacteremia and infective endocarditis [ 217 ].

The present article reviews all the cases of Kocuria infections reported in the English literature and discusses important issues pertaining to the diagnosis, etiology, identification, drug resistance, epidemiology, clinical kovuria and management of such infections. By reviewing the gdnus, 20 reports on Kocuria infections in humans were found, most of which were in immunocompromised hosts with few reports in otherwise healthy people. All content published within Cureus is intended only for educational, research and reference purposes.

Phylogenetic diversity of the deinococci as determined by 16S ribosomal DNA sequence comparison. They were reported to cause catheter-related bacteremia in immunocompromised patients and those with chronic illness, peritonitis, cholecystitis, and urinary tract infection in patients with indwelling urinary catheters [ 3 — 6 ].

Another study identified proteins that may be involved in efflux mechanisms [ 24 ].

Emerging Bacterial Infection: Identification and Clinical Significance of Kocuria Species

A Smooth, small, moist, slightly convex, pale-pink colonies of Kocuria observed on sheep blood agar. Kocuria arsenatis Roman-Ponce et al.

With increasing reports of infections associated with these bacteria, it is now important for clinical microbiologists to identify and enumerate the virulence and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of such bacteria and assist clinicians in improving the patient care and management. Kocuria spp are sensitive to bacitracin, lysozyme and resistant to nitrofurantoin, furazolidone and lysostaphin [ 1824 ].


Reclassification of strain CCMpreviously classified as Kocuria variansas Kocuria carniphila sp. These are usually considered as non-pathogenic bacteria which are rarely associated kocuriz human infections.

Furthermore, there are no reports of biofilm production by Kocuria in the literature, yet it has been implicated in device-related bacteremia, implying that the colonization of Kocuria on a device benus likely result in chronic recurrent bacteremia in a compromised host.

The genus contains 18 species, only five of which are known to be opportunistic pathogens [ 2 ]. The infection was subsequently resolved by antibiotic treatment and catheter removal. This patient had multiple febrile episodes through a period of six months, all of which grew the organism from several blood cultures and central venous lines CVLs [ 18 ]. An unusual organism for CAPD-related peritonitis: Reports of infection with Kocuria species have gained prominence in the late twentieth century and are showing an increased trend, signifying its pathogenic potential.

Additionally, articles published within Cureus should not be deemed a suitable substitute for the advice of a qualified health care professional. The possibility of a CVC line as a portal of entry should also be evaluated. Taxonomic dissection of genuz genus Micrococcus: Recent Pat Anti infect Drug Discov.

The patient was symptomless after 14 days of antibiotic therapy and catheter removal and was discharged.

Int J Syst Bacteriol ; Infection of a ventriculoatrial shunt with phenotypically variable Staphylococcus epidermidis masquerading as polymicrobial bacteremia due to various coagulase-negative Staphylococci and Kocuria varians.

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